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    ABSTRACT: To quantify in adolescents the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and other symptoms found to be suggestive of future diagnosis of endometriosis, in particular their impact on monthly absenteeism from school/work, activity impairment, and sexual life and to quantify the awareness of endometriosis in adolescents. Cross-sectional study. Academic institution. Adolescents (n = 250) aged 14-20 years referring to 3 family Counseling services. Participants completed an anonymous questionnaire. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and absenteeism from school/work during menses. Other outcomes were impairment of daily activities, dyspareunia, and awareness of endometriosis as a pathologic condition. 68% (170/250) of the participants complain of dysmenorrhea, 12% (30/250) lose days of school/work monthly because of dysmenorrhea, 13% (33/250) complain of intermenstrual pain which limits daily activities, 27% (56/208) of the adolescents who are sexually active complain of dyspareunia, 82% (203/250) have never heard about endometriosis and 80% (200/250) would like to know more about it. A significant association was found between severe dysmenorrhea, absenteeism from school/work, and basic level of education. Absence from school/work during menses showed an adjusted odds ratio for severe dysmenorrhea about 28 times greater than those who did not declare absenteeism (95%CI 7.898-98.920, P<.000). The rates of dysmenorrhea and school absenteeism caused by dysmenorrhea are high. According to recent studies these patients are at higher risk of further development of endometriosis, whereas the knowledge of the disease is low among the adolescents investigated, so those involved with adolescents both in the health profession and particularly in schools and Family Counseling Services should be educated about endometriosis and its symptoms to reduce the significant lag time between symptoms and diagnosis.
    Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of preservation of the muscular internal sphincter and proximal urethra on continence recovery after radical prostatectomy (RP). Fifty-five consecutive patients with organ confined prostate cancer were submitted to RP with the preservation of muscular internal sphincter and the proximal urethra (group 1) and compared to 55 patients submitted to standard procedure (group 2). Continence rates were assessed using a self-administrated questionnaire at 3, 7, 30 days and 3, 12 months after removal of the catheter. Group 1 had a faster recovery of continence than group 2 at 3 days (50.9% vs. 25.5%; P=.005), at 7 days (78.2% vs. 58.2%; P=.020), at 30 days (80.0% vs. 61.8%; P=.029) and at 3 months (81.8% vs. 61.8%; P=.017); there were no statistically difference in terms of continence at 12 months among the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of continence showed that surgical technique was significantly associated with earlier time to continence at 3 and 7 days. The two groups had no significant differences in terms of surgical margins. Our modified technique of RP with preservation of smooth muscular internal sphincter as well as of the proximal urethra during bladder neck dissection resulted in significant increased early urinary continence at 3, 7, 30 days and 3 months after catheter removal. The technique does not increase the rate of positive margins and the duration of the procedure.
    Actas urologicas españolas 03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The article is intended to provide an overview of the strengths and limits of controlled trials of pharmacologic treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. No drug has so far been approved, although validated on histologic outcomes. Several new drugs are under scrutiny, acting with different mechanisms along the chain of events from fatty liver to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The article investigates which drug, if any, should be preferred for a tailored intervention in individual patients, according to age, comorbidities, and disease severity, and if treatment should be continued lifelong, to prevent disease progression and long-term occurrence of cirrhosis.
    Clinics in liver disease 02/2014; 18(1):73-89.


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British Journal of Radiology 05/1990; 63(748):251-6.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2005; 11(35):5423-32.

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