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    ABSTRACT: We report our experience with bilateral adrenalectomy for treatment of Cushing's syndrome and we compare the outcome of laparoscopy with open surgery in terms of effectiveness and safety. A series of 23 patients underwent bilateral adrenalectomy for treatment of Cushing's syndrome [Cushing's disease in 16, ectopic ACTH syndrome in 2, and ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) in 5 cases]. From 1993 to 1996, all patients were treated using an open approach (Group A), while from 1997 all patients were treated using a transperitoneal laparoscopic approach (Group B). The comparison between the 2 groups was performed considering patients characteristics, operative times, blood losses, intraoperative and post-operative complications, analgesic consumption, post-operative hospital stay and recovery. Open surgery was performed in 10 patients and laparoscopy in 13 patients. No significant difference was recorded between the two groups as to patients' characteristics and complications. Mean operative time was significantly increased in Group B, while post-operative hospital stay was significantly longer in Group A. Laparoscopic bilateral adrenalectomy can be safely and effectively employed to treat Cushing's syndrome. However, long operatives times may represent a limitation especially in high risk patients.
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 07/2014; 27(7):654-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence has mounted in recent years on the potential prognostic role of biomarkers out of cardiac-specific medical settings. We aimed to test whether cardiac and inflammatory biomarkers are independently associated with in-hospital mortality in older unselected medical inpatients undergoing standardized multidimensional evaluation. Observational study conducted in a metropolitan university-teaching hospital. A standardized, multidimensional analysis was carried out on all patients by using medical and hospital discharge documentation and interview results integrated with information collected from family members or caregivers. Patients older than 65 years consecutively admitted to the acute geriatric ward and to 2 acute medical wards of the hospital. Male sex; low systolic blood pressure; APACHE score; functional impairment in activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB); cognitive impairment; malnutrition; low albumin values; and elevated values of inflammatory and cardiac biomarkers were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality at univariate analysis. After multivariate analysis, male sex, low systolic blood pressure values at entry, severe cognitive impairment, and low functional performance measured by the SPPB resulted to be independently associated with in-hospital mortality. The main finding of the present study is that these biomarkers, although associated with in-hospital mortality, do not have independent predictive significance when a comprehensive and multidimensional evaluation is conducted. The main clinical implication is that our findings should discourage the indiscriminate recourse to measurement of cardiac and inflammatory biomarkers, at least in older medical inpatients, thereby reducing a patient's hospital cost and potentially minimizing further unnecessary diagnostic procedures.
    Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare oval and round window vibroplasty. Eighteen (18) patients implanted with Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) were enrolled. Two groups were formed depending on FMT placement: on round window in ten cases (RW group) and on oval window in eight (OW group). Pre and postoperative audiological tests were performed both under headphones and free-field settings, VSB on and off. One (1) RW patient experienced sudden hearing loss at the operated side after 4 months from surgery and was excluded from the analysis. Both groups showed good hearing results. Significant differences were measured at free-field pure-tone test with VSB on at 0.5 kHz (RW better than OW, p = 0.026) and 4 kHz (OW better than RW, p = 0.043). Both techniques share similar good results and are considered safe. However, we had one failure with deep and sudden hearing threshold worsening after some months of good results. From a surgical point of view OW vibroplasty is easier and safer to perform, when the stapes suprastructure is absent, as it does not require any drilling and should be preferred in such cases. More reports are needed to explain if RW vibroplasty is risky in a mid to long term.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 10/2013;

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Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 06/2009; 68(5):489-502.
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World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2012; 18(36):4994-5013.
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