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ABSTRACT: The rise of political Islam in the Caucasus and central Asia has been an issue of concern for regional governments and the international community. Here I compare Islamist experiences and government responses in Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan to show that political Islam in the two countries is neither coherent nor monolithic. Historical, cultural and political reasons explain why political Islam is stronger in Uzbekistan than in Azerbaijan.
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict 01/2010; 3(1):46-61.