Publication History View all

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate spending on medicines by Brazilian families and related income inequalities, according to types of medicines. A cross-sectional study used data from the Family Budget Surveys conducted in 2002-2003 and 2008-2009. Expenditures were corrected according to the Extended National Consumer Price Index (IPCA). The Concentration Index (CI) was calculated as a measure of inequality. Average monthly spending on medicines was BRL 53.54 in the 2002-2003 survey and BRL 59.02 in 2008-2009. CI showed spending concentration in higher-income families. Spending composition varied according to family income. Lower-income families spent predominantly on analgesics, cold medicines, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Higher-income families concentrated their spending on medicines for diabetes and hypertension (and other cardiovascular diseases). From one survey to the next, even though lower-income households reduced the percentage of their budget spent on medicines, the latter still consume a large proportion of their health spending.
    Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública 08/2013; 29(8):1605-16. DOI:10.1590/0102-311X00070912
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Avoidable causes of death have become an important indicator for evaluating health services. Such deaths would not occur if there were adequate prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment and the adoption of appropriate technologies. This article analyzes the pattern and magnitude of avoidable causes of death for the principal causes of death among elderly individuals up to 74 years of age, by gender, in São Paulo State, Brazil. The study further estimated the impact of avoidable causes of death on life expectancy among the elderly, and 62.5% of the deaths among elderly up to 74 years in São Paulo were due to these causes. The principal avoidable causes of death constituted 82.6% of all avoidable deaths, featuring hypertensions and tobacco-associated tumors. Life expectancy at 60 would increase by 20% if these deaths were avoided. Male excess mortality was observed in nearly all of the avoidable causes of death analyzed here, which could be related to greater exposure to risk factors and less use of health services by men. Prevention and health promotion measures should take these sharp gender differences into account.
    Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública 04/2013; 29(4):735-48. DOI:10.1590/S0102-311X2013000400011
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study analyzes homicide incidence per municipality (county) in Brazil in the year 2008. The authors estimate and compare homicide rates according to different methods, finding evidence that depending on the method employed, the results can differ significantly, especially for small municipalities. Bayesian spatial procedures were employed, allowing minimization of variation in the rate estimates. The methods consider a priori distributions and information on contiguity of municipalities. According to the findings, the impact of corrective procedures is not relevant for large municipalities, but such estimates present significant differences for small municipalities. Comparing the different estimates, the authors conclude that there may be distortions in the rates published in the literature. To overcome such potential distortions, it is necessary to take the main goal in each analysis into account. When the emphasis is on overall visualization of the homicide phenomenon, the best option is spatial corrections. However, to obtain more accurate local estimates, Bayesian methods are more appropriate.
    Cadernos de saúde pública / Ministério da Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública 07/2012; 28(7):1249-62.

Information

  • Address
    SBS QUADRA 1, BLOCO J, 70076900, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil
  • Head of Institution
    Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares, PhD
  • Website
    www.ipea.gov.br
Information provided on this web page is aggregated encyclopedic and bibliographical information relating to the named institution. Information provided is not approved by the institution itself. The institution’s logo (and/or other graphical identification, such as a coat of arms) is used only to identify the institution in a nominal way. Under certain jurisdictions it may be property of the institution.

103 Members View all

View all

Top publications last week by downloads

 
58 Downloads
 
A pequena produção rural e as tendências do desenvolvimento agrário brasileiro: Ganhar tempo é possível? Edited by Silvia Kanadani Campos, Zander Navarro, 01/2013: chapter 6: pages...
33 Downloads

Top Collaborating Institutions

Collaborations

This map visualizes which other institutions researchers from Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA have collaborated with.

Rg score distribution

See how the RG Scores of researchers from Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA are distributed.