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- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Radiotherapy increases the risk of thyroid cancer (TC); patients submitted to this treatment should undergo a long-term follow-up. Our aim is to describe the features and outcomes of young patients who developed TC after radiotherapy. At our center, patients undergoing radiotherapy directly or indirectly involving the thyroid are regularly followed up in order to detect early dysfunction or nodules. Herein, we report the cases of 10 patients who were submitted to radiotherapy and developed TC. Seven patients were irradiated in the neck and 3 in nearby regions. The mean age at the last radiotherapy session was 10 ± 5.5 years. The average time until the appearance of the first thyroid nodule was 14 ± 4.7 years. The mean size increment of the nodules was 2.4 ± 1.6 mm/year. On the first cytology, only 2 results were suspicious of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). All patients presented a histology of PTC. Eight were in stage I and 2 in stage II. The median follow-up from primary diagnosis to TC and beyond was 20 and 3 years, respectively. In these patients, cytologies may be difficult to interpret due to persistent benign results. The threshold for surgical indication may be anticipated, considering the increased risk of TC. We report the evolution of these nodules over time, from the end of primary oncological treatment.Case Reports in Oncology 09/2014; 7(3):810-4. DOI:10.1159/000369923
- Pediatric Neurology 10/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2013.10.010
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ABSTRACT: Cardiac mucosa (CM) of the adult, regardless its location, shares phenotypic characteristics with Barrett's epithelium, namely villin expression and a Barrett's pattern of cytokeratins 7 and 20 expression. As far as we know, the phenotypic profile of CM in children has not been studied. The objective was to evaluate the phenotypic profile of cardiac mucosa from the esophagogastric junction of children with reflux symptoms. Biopsies routinely performed at the esophagogastric junction of children submitted to upper-gastrointestinal endoscopy for complaints suggestive of reflux were retrieved from the archive and used for the purposes of this study. Biopsies were assessed for the presence of squamous epithelium, cardiac and oxyntic mucosa and intestinal metaplasia. Samples displaying both squamous and columnar epithelia were immunohistochemically evaluated for the presence of villin and sucrase-isomaltae and for the expression of cytokeratins 7 and 20. From the 42 biopsies samples retrieved, 30 had simultaneously squamous and columnar epithelia. Cardiac mucosa was present in 86.7% of the cases, and intestinal metaplasia was observed only in one (3.3%). Villin expression in cardiac mucosa was observed in 96% of the cases and a cytokeratins 7 and 20 Barrett's pattern in 73%. Sucrase-isomaltase and MUC2 were only expressed in the case with intestinal metaplasia. Cardiac mucosa was high prevalent in biopsies from the esophagogastric junction of children with reflux. As in adults, cardiac mucosa in children has an immunoprofile similar to Barrett's esophagus. For the first time, it was shown that pediatric cardiac mucosa frequently expresses villin.Diseases of the Esophagus 09/2013; 27(8). DOI:10.1111/dote.12142
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