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    ABSTRACT: Low-field (LF) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a very versatile technique that has increasingly shown its value, especially in research involving crude oil. In the field of viscosity and American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity research, physicochemical properties are of great interest to the industry because the first parameter can be an obstacle for production, whereas the latter is used to assess and market the product. Thus, models of viscosity and API gravity were developed in the state of Espı́rito Santo using the transverse relaxation time (T2) and relative hydrogen index (RHI) of postsalt crude oil. The models showed a good degree of reliability for 50 samples (R2 > 0.96) with viscosity ranging from 23.75 to 1801.09 mPa·s and API gravity from 16.8 to 30.6. A set of more than 15 “unknown” samples was used for validation, with values calculated by the API and viscosity compared to those obtained by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 7042-04 standards. Finally, this study proposes a new way to classify oil through T2 and RHI with the possibility of simultaneously estimating the aforementioned physicochemical properties on the basis of a single quick and reliable measurement.
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 05/2014; 53(21):8881–8889. DOI:10.1021/ie500761v
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    ABSTRACT: Immunogenicity and safety of a recombinant, live-attenuated, tetravalent dengue disease vaccine (CYD-TDV) was evaluated in children/adolescents in Brazil. In this observer-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II single-center study, children/adolescents (ages 9-16 years) were randomized to receive CYD-TDV or placebo at 0, 6, and 12 months. Immunogenicity was assessed using a 50% plaque neutralization test. Overall, 150 participants were enrolled (CYD-TDV: N = 100; placebo: N = 50). Injection site pain and headache were the most common solicited injection site and systemic reactions. Unsolicited adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs were similar between groups. No serious AEs were vaccine-related. Geometric mean titers against all dengue virus serotypes increased with CYD-TDV vaccination and were 267, 544, 741, and 432 1/dil for serotypes 1-4, respectively, after dose 3, representing a mean fold increase from baseline of 5, 6, 6, and 20, respectively. CYD-TDV vaccination elicited a neutralizing antibody response against serotypes 1-4 and was well-tolerated in children/adolescents in a dengue-endemic region.
    The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 11/2013; 89(6). DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0304
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    ABSTRACT: Some bacterial species can colonize humans and plants. It is almost impossible to prevent the contact of clinically pathogenic bacteria with food crops, and if they can persist there, they can reenter the human food chain and cause disease. On the leaf surface, microorganisms are exposed to a number of stress factors. It is unclear how they survive in such different environments. By increasing adhesion to diverse substrates, minimizing environmental differences, and providing protection against defence mechanisms, biofilms could provide part of the answer. Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae is clinically important and also associated with fruit diseases, such as "pineapple fruit collapse." We aimed to characterize biofilm formation and adhesion mechanisms of this species isolated from pineapple in comparison with a clinical isolate. No differences were found between the two isolates quantitatively or qualitatively. Both tested positive for capsule formation and were hydrophobic, but neither produced adherence fibres, which might account for their relatively weak adhesion compared to the positive control Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 35984. Both produced biofilms on glass and polystyrene, more consistently at 40°C than 35°C, confirmed by atomic force and high-vacuum scanning electron microscopy. Biofilm formation was maintained in an acidic environment, which may be relevant phytopathologically.
    The Scientific World Journal 10/2013; 2013(4):925375. DOI:10.1155/2013/925375

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