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SourceAvailable from: Dennis P O'Malley[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a recently described clinicopathologic entity that usually presents as an effusion-associated fibrous capsule surrounding an implant. Less frequently, it presents as a mass. The natural history of this disease and long-term outcomes are unknown. We reviewed the literature for all published cases of breast implant-associated ALCL from 1997 to December 2012 and contacted corresponding authors to update clinical follow-up. The median overall survival (OS) for 60 patients was 12 years (median follow-up, 2 years; range, 0-14 years). Therapeutic data were available for 55 patients: 39 patients (78%) received systemic chemotherapy, and of the 16 patients (28%) who did not receive chemotherapy, 12 patients opted for watchful waiting and four patients received radiation therapy alone. Thirty-nine (93%) of 42 patients with disease confined by the fibrous capsule achieved complete remission, compared with complete remission in 13 (72%) of 18 patients with a tumor mass. Patients with a breast mass had worse OS and progression-free survival (PFS; P = .052 and P = .03, respectively). The OS or PFS were similar between patients who received and did not receive chemotherapy (P = .44 and P = .28, respectively). Most patients with breast implant-associated ALCL who had disease confined within the fibrous capsule achieved complete remission. Proper management for these patients may be limited to capsulectomy and implant removal. Patients who present with a mass have a more aggressive clinical course that may be fatal, justifying cytotoxic chemotherapy in addition to removal of implants.Journal of Clinical Oncology 12/2013; 32(2). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2013.52.7911
Journal of Clinical Immunology 10/2013; 33(8). DOI:10.1007/s10875-013-9947-5
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ABSTRACT: Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a prevalent type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the United States and Europe. Although, FL typically presents with nodal involvement, extranodal sites are less common, and leukemic phase at diagnosis is rare. There is mounting evidence that leukemic presentation portends a worse prognosis in patients with FL. We describe 7 patients with a pathological diagnosis of FL who presented with a leukemic phase. We compared our cases with 24 additional cases reported in the literature. Based on our results, patients who present with leukemic FL tend to have higher risk disease. Leukemic FL also seems to be associated with a worse prognosis; however, larger studies are needed to confirm our findings. A discrepancy with previously reported cases of FL in leukemic phase raises the possibility of differences attributable to geographic regions.Leukemia research 06/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2013.05.016
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