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Department of Cell Biology and Applied Virology
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Department of Biophysics and Cryotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Cultivation and proliferation of stem cells in three-dimensional (3-D) scaffolds is a promising strategy for regenerative medicine. Mesenchymal stem cells with their potential to differentiate in various cell types, cryopreserved adhesion-based in fabricated scaffolds of biocompatible materials can serve as ready-to-use transplantation units for tissue repair, where pores allow a direct contact of graft cells and recipient tissue without further preparation. A successful cryopreservation of adherent cells depends on attachment and spreading processes that start directly after cell seeding. Here, we analyzed different cultivation times (0.5, 2, 24 h) prior to adhesion-based cryopreservation of human mesenchymal stem cells within alginate-gelatin cryogel scaffolds and its influence on cell viability, recovery and functionality at recovery times (0, 24, 48 h) in comparison to non-frozen control. Analysis with confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy indicated that 2 h cultivation time enhanced cryopreservation success: cell number, visual cell contacts, membrane integrity, motility, as well as spreading were comparable to control. In contrast, cell number by short cultivation time (0.5 h) reduced dramatically after thawing and expanded cultivation time (24 h) decreased cell viability. Our results provide necessary information to enhance the production and to store ready-to-use transplantation units for application in bone, cartilage or skin regenerative therapy.
    Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine 12/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme horseradish peroxidase has been immobilized on nanoelectrode arrays by alternating current dielectrophoresis. Preservation of its enzymatic function after field application was demonstrated by oxidizing dihydrorhodamine 123 with hydrogen peroxide as co-oxidant to create its fluorescent form, rhodamine 123. Localization of the fluorescently labeled enzyme and its product was conducted by fluorescence microscopy. Nanoelectrodes were prepared as tungsten pins arranged in square arrays. Experimental parameters for dielectrophoretic immobilization were optimized for even enzyme distribution and for enzymatic efficiency. Enzyme activity was quantified by determination of fluorescence intensities of immobilized enzyme molecules and of rhodamine 123 produced. These results demonstrate that DEP can be applied to immobilize enzyme molecules while retaining their activity and rendering any chemical modifications unnecessary. This introduces a novel way for the preparation of bioactive surfaces for processes such as biosensing.
    Electrophoresis 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: : Biosensors representing the technological counterpart of living senses have found routine application in amperometric enzyme electrodes for decentralized blood glucose measurement, interaction analysis by surface plasmon resonance in drug development, and to some extent DNA chips for expression analysis and enzyme polymorphisms. These technologies have already reached a highly advanced level and need minor improvement at most. The dream of the "100-dollar" personal genome may come true in the next few years provided that the technological hurdles of nanopore technology or of polymerase-based single molecule sequencing can be overcome. Tailor-made recognition elements for biosensors including membrane-bound enzymes and receptors will be prepared by cell-free protein synthesis. As alternatives for biological recognition elements, molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) have been created. They have the potential to substitute antibodies in biosensors and biochips for the measurement of low-molecular-weight substances, proteins, viruses, and living cells. They are more stable than proteins and can be produced in large amounts by chemical synthesis. Integration of nanomaterials, especially of graphene, could lead to new miniaturized biosensors with high sensitivity and ultrafast response. In the future individual therapy will include genetic profiling of isoenzymes and polymorphic forms of drug-metabolizing enzymes especially of the cytochrome P450 family. For defining the pharmacokinetics including the clearance of a given genotype enzyme electrodes will be a useful tool. For decentralized online patient control or the integration into everyday "consumables" such as drinking water, foods, hygienic articles, clothing, or for control of air conditioners in buildings and cars and swimming pools, a new generation of "autonomous" biosensors will emerge.
    Advances in biochemical engineering/biotechnology 11/2013;


  • Address
    Ensheimer Straße 48, 66386 St. Ingbert, Sankt Ingbert, Germany
  • Head of Institution
    Prof. Dr. Günter Fuhr
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    +49 (0) 6894 980 - 0
  • Fax
    +49 (0) 6894 980 - 400
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Top publications last week by downloads

Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 05/2010; 121(5):777-83.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 04/2006; 81(3):918-26.

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