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    ABSTRACT: A study was carried out to understand the needs and perception of goat keepers in selected areas of Ethiopia in order to identify the breeding objectives, traits of preference, and production constraints that may be required in designing improvement programs. The study was conducted in three districts (Bati, Meta, and Kebri-Beyah) representing the lowland crop-livestock (LLCL), highland cereal-livestock (HLCL), and pastoral/agropastoral (P/AP) systems, respectively. The study targeted the three goat types (Bati, Hararghe Highland, and Short-eared Somali) found in Ethiopia. Households in all systems considered meat production, milk production, and income generation as major purpose of keeping goats. However, those in the low rainfall and arid environments of P/AP systems gave high ranking to adaptability to harsh environments and also to building social and religious values. In LLCL and HLCL systems, goat skin and manure were more valued than in P/AP systems. Principally, in P/AP systems, the awareness of households to skin utilization and marketing was very low. Despite diverse multiple breeding objectives identified, household breeding practices were affected by constraints related to disease prevalence, feed shortage and water scarcity, and lack of awareness on skin management, utilization, and marketing. Thus, designing and implementing of sustainable goat improvement programs is an overriding priority and should take into account the breeding objectives and knowledge of goat keepers in all production systems. Along with the breed improvement, a strategy should also be devised to enhance the utilization and marketing of goat skin at all levels of production.
    Tropical Animal Health and Production 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Alcohol and khat are commonly used substances in Ethiopia and are believed to be risk factors for HIV infection. We assessed alcohol and khat use as risk factors for HIV infection among visitors to voluntary counselling and testing centres. In this institution-based unmatched case control study, a total of 495 respondents aged ≥ 15 years participated. Data were collected using a pretested and structured questionnaire by voluntary counselling and testing service providers. Of the 495 visitors recruited for the study, 155 were cases and 316 were controls. Adjusted for confounding variables, the chewers of khat and alcohol drinkers among the cases were adjusted odds ratio (AOR), 2.68; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.31-5.47 and AOR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.10-3.07, respectively. This study revealed that alcohol and khat uses were significantly associated with those infected with HIV.
    Tropical Doctor 02/2012; 42(2):99-100.
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    ABSTRACT: This study documents indigenous medicinal plant utilization, management and the threats affecting them. The study was carried out in Mana Angetu district between January 2003 and December 2004. Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi structured interviews, field observations, preference and direct matrix ranking with traditional medicine practitioners. The ethnomedicinal use of 230 plant species was documented in the study area. Most of the plants (78.7%) were reportedly used to treat human diseases. The most frequently used plant part were roots (33.9%), followed by leaves (25.6%). Most of the medicinal species (90.4%) were collected from the wild. Direct matrix analysis showed that Olea europaea L. Subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) was the most important species followed by Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne (120) indicating high utility value of these species for the local community. The principal threatening factors reported were deforestation (90%), agricultural expansion (85%) and fire (53%). Documenting the eroding plants and associated indigenous knowledge can be used as a basis for developing management plans for conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in the area.
    Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 02/2008; 4:10.

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    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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International Scholarly Research Notices. 12/2014; 2014.
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AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY 05/2014; 13(21):2095-2102.
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