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    ABSTRACT: Seawater/brackish water desalination has been widely adopted by the Algerian Government in the last few years to supply potable water to municipality for various purposes mainly for domestic and industrial uses especially in areas where demand is high due to shortage of fresh water resources, rapid population growth and development of industry and tourism. Ten years ago, desalination was confined to the industrial use only especially in oil and gas industry as the country was relying on rain water and other available sources to supply fresh water to municipalities. Due to chronic drought conditions, the Ministry of Water Resources reviewed the national water strategy and a strong option for desalination was adopted where an ambitious program was thus put into action. Sixteen mega-plants, with capacities ranging from 100,000 to 500,000m3 per day, primarily based on Reverse Osmosis technology, were launched in the last few years making the Algerian desalination program one of the world’s fastest growing markets. Five desalination plants, including the Africa’s largest seawater reverse osmosis project with a total capacity of 200,000m3 per day, are already in operation and the remaining projects are either under construction or in commissioning. An integrated water resources management was also adopted as additional option to cuter the increasing water demand as there is also a great potential for water reuse and conventional water treatment. An additional benefit of this would be reducing the volume of treated wastewater disposed into the environment. KeywordsDesalination–Water reuse–Water shortage–Water supply–Coastal region
    Water Resources Management 09/2011; 25(11):2743-2754.
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    ABSTRACT: Hydrogen is a valuable energy resource and it is widespread in nature. As a matter of fact, researches on hydrogen production are currently experiencing an increasing interest from scientists around the world since this resource is clean and renewable. Several methods of producing hydrogen have been developed in industrialized countries such as the United States of America and Germany. This paper is interested in the process by which hydrogen sulfide of geothermal areas is exploited for hydrogen production. In fact, research advances in this field have concluded that hydrogen sulfide of geothermal resources can contribute significantly and economically in the process of hydrogen generation. The present paper was principally conducted from a literature study and a synthesis of works achieved in recent years in order to highlight the various aspects of hydrogen production from hydrogen sulfide and particularly to study the possibility of the exploitation of Algeria’s thermal resources in this field.
    International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 03/2011; Volume 36, , March , 2011(Issue 6):Pages 4103–4109.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper recommends an optimal sizing model, to optimize the capacity sizes of different components of photovoltaic water pump-ing system (PWPS) using water tank storage. The recommended model takes into account the submodels of the pumping system and uses two optimization criteria, the loss of power supply probability (LPSP) concept for the reliability and the life cycle cost (LCC) for the economic evaluation. With this presented model, the sizing optimization of photovoltaic pumping system can be achieved technically and economically according to the system reliability requirements. The methodology adopted proposes various procedures based on the water consump-tion profiles, total head, tank capacity and photovoltaic array peak power. A case study is conducted to analyze one photovoltaic pump-ing project, which is designed to supply drinking water in remote and scattered small villages situated in Ghardaia, Algeria (32°29 0 N, 3°40 0 E, 450 m).
    Solar Energy - SOLAR ENERG. 01/2011; 85(2).

Information

  • Address
    Route de l'Observatoire, Bouzareah, 16340, Algiers, Algeria
  • Head of Institution
    Noureddine YASSAA
  • Website
    http://www.cder.dz
  • Phone
    +21321901503
  • Fax
    +21321901560
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