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ABSTRACT: The management of occult lung lesions, particularly subsolid opacities, is a new challenge because they are difficult to localize during surgery and the number of lesions detected by computed tomography (CT) is increasing.
Between February 2008 and December 2011, preoperative CT-guided marking with coils was systematically carried out to localize presumed impalpable nodules before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The procedure feasibility, reliability, and safety as well as its impact on the resection volume and on the pathologic examination strategy were examined.
This preoperative marking procedure was used for 68 nodules in 60 consecutive patients. The mean procedural time was 25 minutes/patient and complications included minimal asymptomatic pneumothorax (42 cases, 70%) and hemorrhagic suffusion (21 patients, 35%). Patients with non-retrieved coils during VATS required larger resection volumes (94.88 mm(3) vs 20.65 mm(3); p = 0.008). The presence of a coil loop in the pleural space was not statistically associated with higher resected lung volume. Primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma was found in 42 patients (71.2%). Five nodules were associated with atypical adenomatous hyperplasia. Pathologic examination was considered to be improved by the presence of a coil next to the lesion but not within it. Coil placement modified the pathology practices for intraoperative analysis, as tissue sampling in the immediate vicinity of the coil was preferred to systematic sampling.
Impalpable lung nodules can be safely marked with coils preoperatively to improve their surgical and pathologic management.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 12/2013;
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the availability of clinicobiologic findings would affect the diagnostic performance of CT of elderly emergency department patients with nontraumatic acute abdominal pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The cases of 333 consecutively registered patients 75 years old or older presenting to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain and who underwent CT were retrospectively reviewed by two radiologists blinded or not to the patient's clinicobiologic results. Diagnostic accuracy was calculated according to the level of correctly classified cases in both the entire cohort and a surgical subgroup and was compared between readings performed with and without knowledge of the clinicobiologic findings. Agreement between each reading and the reference diagnosis and interobserver agreement were assessed with kappa statistics. RESULTS. In both the entire cohort (87.4% vs 85.3%, p = 0.07) and the surgical group (94% vs 91%, p = 0.15), there was no significant difference in CT accuracy between diagnoses made when the radiologist was aware and those made when the radiologist was not aware of the clinicobiologic findings. Agreement between the CT diagnosis and the final diagnosis was excellent whether or not the radiologist was aware of the clinicobiologic findings. CONCLUSION. In the care of elderly patients, CT is accurate for diagnosing the cause of acute abdominal pain, particularly when it is of surgical origin, regardless of the availability of clinical and biologic findings. Thus CT interpretation should not be delayed until complete clinicobiologic data are available, and the images should be quickly transmitted to the emergency physician so that appropriate therapy can be begun.
American Journal of Roentgenology 12/2013; 201(6):1171-1179.
Minerva anestesiologica 11/2013;
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