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  • Medical Anthropology Quarterly 06/2012; 26(2):292-8. DOI:10.2307/41682575
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we explore the concept of 'good' management as it is represented in the managerial literature, where the concept of 'good' is set in dichotomous opposition to that of 'bad'. Whilst we identify such dichotomies as the basic building blocks of managerial practice, our illustration from organizational interaction indicates that meaning generated by organizational actors is not so readily set in dichotomous relationships. Some of the literature moves beyond dichotomous thinking, arguing that good practice is not based upon implementation of mere good intent, and that management intent is in any case subject to variable interpretation and response by other groups, dependent upon context and contingency. It is this contextual nature of intent, interpretation and action that we explore and discuss in relation to philosophy and management. Our argument is that 'goodness' in management is not absolute or oppositionally distinct from 'bad' or 'evil'. Rather, the best of intentions and intention/action schemas pragmatically fall foul of power and embedded cultures that reflect multiple reality frames.
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    ABSTRACT: Contemporary narratology (narrative theory) offers a useful framework for interpreting interstellar messages that have already been sent to potential extraterrestrial recipients, as well as for designing messages that may be transmitted in the future. In this paper, narratological concepts are used to analyze in depth a single interstellar message sequence, elucidating methods by which various parts of speech (nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs) can be paired with pictures to describe the human body in motion. The concept of focalization is applied to the message sequence's use of isolation and magnification, which highlight the structure and function of the human body and its constituent parts. The challenges of interpreting gaps within narratives, as well as the setting in which events occur, are considered. The importance of closure in providing a fitting end to narratives is examined, and the plausibility of creating images that could be interpreted correctly by extraterrestrial intelligence is assessed. Narratological concepts examined here, as well as additional aspects of narrative, provide important resources for future work in interpreting and designing interstellar messages.
    Acta Astronautica 02/2011; 68(3-4-68):520-534. DOI:10.1016/j.actaastro.2009.12.009


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